• Early Childhood Special Education Disabilities

  • Autism

    Autism

    Autism is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three (3), that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.

    Deaf-Blindness

    Deaf-Blindness

    The Deaf-Blindness disability is defined as hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.

    Developmental Delay

    Developmental Delay

    Developmental Delay is characterized as a young child who displays a significant delay in one or more of the following five areas: cognition, communication, physical skills, social emotional functioning and adaptive skills. This delay may not be the result of a significant visual or hearing impairment.

    Emotional Disability

    Emotional Disability

    Emotional disability is characterized by (a) an inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors; (b) an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers; or (c) a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

    Hearing Impairment

    Hearing Impairment

    Hearing impairment is an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in the state statute.

    Intellectual Disability

    Intellectual Disability

    Intellectual Disability is characterized by significantly sub average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

    Learning Disability

    Learning Disability

    Learning disability is defined as a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

    Orthopedic Impairment

    Orthopedic Impairment

    Orthopedic impairment is defined as a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

    Other Health Impairment

    Other Health Impairment

    This disability category is characterized by having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that is due to chronic or acute health problems, and adversely affects a child's educational performance.

    Preschool Speech Delay

    Preschool Speech Delay

    Preschool Speech Delay is a communication disorder or delay involving articulation, voice quality, or speech fluency that interferes with the child’s overall communicative performance. This applies only to children aged three to five.

    Speech or Language Impairment

    Speech or Language Impairment

    Speech or Language Impairment is a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

    Traumatic Brain Injury

    Traumatic Brain Injury

    Traumatic Brain Injury is an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child's educational performance.

    Visual Impairment Including Blindness

    Visual Impairment Including Blindness

    The Visual Impairment including Blindness disability is an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

Last Modified on September 19, 2018