Dover, Del. - August 2, 2006 The Delaware Department of Education (DOE) has released the 2006 school accountability ratings for 178 public and charter schools statewide.
One hundred three (63 Title 1 and 40 non-Title 1) schools have been rated "Superior;” 22 (11 Title 1 and 11 non-Title 1) schools have been rated "Commendable;" 18 (13 Title 1 and 5 non-Title 1) schools have been rated "Academic Review;" 27 (4 Title 1 and 23 non-Title 1) schools have been rated "Academic Progress - Under Improvement;" 8 (3 Title 1 and 5 non-Title 1) schools have been rated "Academic Watch - Under Improvement."
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As a result of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, all states are required to conduct an annual assessment of all students in grades 3-8 and one high school grade. In Delaware, the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) is used to assess student knowledge in reading, writing, mathematics, science and social studies. Student results of each year's DSTP assessment is then used as the primary means to determine school accountability ratings.
A school's accountability rating is determined by two components-Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) and State Progress Determination (SPD). AYP is designed to measure academic performance of not only all students in a particular school but of subgroups within the student population. The nine subgroups are: All Students, American Indian, Asian American, African American, Hispanic, White, Economically Disadvantaged, Students with Disabilities and Limited English Proficient. By the 2013-2014 school year, every student in every subgroup must be proficient in English/Language Arts (Reading and Writing) and mathematics.
The federal formula for determining AYP is based upon an established annual target requiring students to meet proficiency. For the 2005-2006 school year, Delaware's target for English/Language Arts remained at 62% and in mathematics the target remained at 41%. (Next year, the English/Language Arts target will increase to 68% and the mathematics target will increase to 50%). Additionally, a fixed target of 95% of all students in each subgroup must participate in the Delaware Student Testing Program (DSTP) each spring in English/Language Arts and math in each school or AYP will not have been attained. This year, 135 schools did make AYP including nine schools that were Under School Improvement. Forty-three schools did not make AYP.
Additionally, 15 schools were designated as new schools for accountability purposes and therefore, did not receive a rating. Eight of these schools met the criteria in state regulation where less than 60% of the students attending the new school would have been enrolled in the same school together without the creation of the particular new school. Seven of the schools were new because of a change in regulation where it became a district option to assign tuition-based students to the school providing instruction.
The school Accountability rating also includes a component called the "State Progress Determination" (SPD) which is calculated by formula and represents improvement in student performance levels in reading, math, science and social studies. A composite score is calculated for the previous and current year. The previous year is subtracted from the current year and this determines the points of growth. The overall school rating is then determined by the calculation of Adequate Yearly Progress and the State Progress Determination plus the school's Accountability history.Under this accountability system, schools are classified in one of five categories:
- Superior means that the school has met AYP, is not under improvement and has met additional state criteria.
- Commendable indicates that AYP has been met while the school is not "Under Improvement."
- Academic Review means AYP is not met for one year and SPD is met or; AYP is not met for one year and SPD is not met or; AYP is met and SPD is not met (second year).
- Academic Progress means AYP is not met (different subject) two or more years and SPD is met.
- Academic Watch means AYP is not met for two or more years (different subjects) and SPD is not met.
- Academic Progress - Under Improvement means AYP is not met (same subject) two or more years and SPD is met.
- Academic Watch - Under Improvement means AYP is not met two or more years (same subject) and SPD is not met.
Consequences for schools Under Improvement differ depending on whether the school is a Title 1 (receives federal funding for low income students) or a non-Title 1 school and the number of years a school has been rated Under Improvement.Title 1 School:
- 1 year = School implements choice options.*
- 2 years = School offers choice options and provides supplemental services.*
- 3 years = Same as year 2 plus school is subject to corrective action.
- 4 years = Same as year 3 plus school develops a plan for restructuring.
- 5 years = Same as year 2 plus school implements the restructuring plan - select one or more NCLB restructuring options.
* Delaware is participating in a federal pilot program where some of these Title 1 schools will be able to offer supplemental services in year 1. For those schools in the pilot program, the sanction for year 2 would be to offer supplemental services and choice.Non-Title 1 School:
- 1 year = Review and modify School Improvement Plan.
- 2 years = Same as year 1; provide additional prioritized extra time services for subgroups that did not meet target.
- 3 years = Same as year 2; school subject to corrective action.
- 4 years = Same as year 3 plus school develops plan for restructuring.
- 5 years = Same as year 2 plus school implements restructuring plan.
Online school profiles are now available for viewing on DOE's website. The profiles will identify each school's accountability rating as well as show what targets were and were not met. Parents can also look at school profiles to view student achievement data, staff information and a school's demographics. The profiles will also provide a reader with school climate information, staff data and program information. It is a powerful tool that parents can use to get a better understanding of their children's academic environment.
To view a school or school district profile, go to:
School district accountability ratings will be released in the fall.
Delaware Department of Education
401 Federal Street, Suite #2
Dover, Delaware 19901
Phone: (302) 735-4035
Fax: (302) 739-4654
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